Round barrow 400m north west of Callis Wold Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008383
Date first listed:
09-Sep-1958
Date of most recent amendment:
25-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 400m north west of Callis Wold Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Bishop Wilton
National Grid Reference:
SE 82825 56209

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Much of the barrow survives very well and, despite partial excavation in the 19th century, it retains significant archaeological information relating to the duration and manner of its usage and the environment in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow situated on Callis Wold. The barrow mound is 2m high and has a diameter of 22m. It has a flattened top and, to the north, part of the mound has been scooped away, probably as a result of 19th century excavations. A hedge line crosses the mound's north eastern edge and to the north east of this hedge the mound has been ploughed away, though the ditch still survives as a buried feature. Traces of a surrounding ditch 3.5m wide survive on the south and west sides of the ditch. J R Mortimer carried out two investigations of the barrow mound in 1864 and 1892; four cremations, two in urns, were found with associated worked flints.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21096
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 165
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 164-166
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia: Volume 76, , Vol. 76, (1927), 86-87
Jewitt, L, 'Old Yorkshire' in Old Yorkshire Volume IV, , Vol. IV, (1883), 101
Mortimer, J R, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia Volume 43, , Vol. 43, (1871), 415

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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