Bowl barrow 750m south-west of Manor Farm: part of the Windmill Hill round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008456

Date first listed: 11-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 750m south-west of Manor Farm: part of the Windmill Hill round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 09283 71217

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the irregular shape of the monument due to cultivation and partial excavation in 1849, the barrow 750m south-west of Manor Farm survives as one of a linear group of barrows running roughly east from Windmill Hill towards the River Kennet. The barrow will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle east-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Kennet. The barrow mound has been partly reduced by cultivation but survives to a maximum diameter of 20m and stands to 0.5m high. Partial excavation by Merewether in 1849 revealed a Bronze Age cremation burial. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Excluded from the scheduling is the fence running across its northern edge, although the ground beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21711

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Barrow A, RCHM(E), NAR No.: SU 07 SE 15, (1973)
SMR07SE612, CAO, Bowl barrow with cremation., (1989)

End of official listing