Bowl barrow on Great Mell Fell

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008632

Date first listed: 11-Jan-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 19-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Great Mell Fell
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Hutton

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: NY 39674 25381

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface damage to the centre of the mound caused by removal of an Ordnance Survey column, the bowl barrow on Great Mell Fell survives reasonably well and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land surface beneath. Additionally the monument is a rare example in Cumbria of a bowl barrow surrounded by a ditch which is separated from the mound by a berm.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the summit of Great Mell Fell. It includes a circular mound of earth and stones 8.5m in diameter and 0.8m high. Surrounding the barrow there is a shallow ditch measuring up to 2.5m wide and 0.2m deep that is separated from the mound by a berm approximately 5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23686

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Anderson, W D, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in The Tumulus on Great Mell Fell, , Vol. XX111, (1922), 112-4
Other
SMR No. 1126, Cumbria SMR, Round Barrow on Great Mell Fell, (1987)

End of official listing