Two bowl barrows south of Westburton Hill: part of Westburton Hill round barrow cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008743

Date first listed: 07-Apr-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Nov-1992


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows south of Westburton Hill: part of Westburton Hill round barrow cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Bury

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 99050 12836


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite damage from ploughing, one of the two bowl barrows south of Westburton Hill survives as an earthwork and both contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two bowl barrows, part of a linear round barrow cemetery consisting of five bowl barrows, four surviving as earthworks while the fifth has been levelled by cultivation. It is situated in a dry valley sloping SSE in chalk downland. The surviving barrow mound is 25m in diameter and 0.3m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. It is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The second barrow 15m to the SSE no longer survives as an earthwork having been ploughed over many years. Despite this, buried features such as the ditch and Bronze Age ground surface, still survive. When last recorded, the mound was c.20m in diameter and was surrounded by a quarry ditch c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20090

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934)

End of official listing