Fancy barrow on Setley Plain

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008803

Date first listed: 13-May-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jul-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Fancy barrow on Setley Plain
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Brockenhurst

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SZ 29827 99803

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the fancy barrow on Setley Plain survives in a particularly fine condition within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a fancy barrow situated on the brow of a west facing slope overlooking Three Beech Bottom. The barrow mound measures 10m in diameter and stands up to 1.25m high. A slight hollow in the centre of the mound indicates the location of a partial excavation carried out in 1792 by R. Warner who found burnt earth and charcoal. Surrounding the mound is a level platform, surviving to an average width of 3.5m, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow and an outer bank. The ditch has become partly infilled over the years, but survives as a slight earthwork 1.9m wide and 0.8m deep; the bank is 5.5m wide and 0.6m high. The overall diameter of this barrow is 31.8m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20332

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, Topographical Remarks Relating to the SW Parts of Hampshire, (1793), 70-9
Other
Hampshire County Planning Department, SZ29NE22,

End of official listing