Bowl barrow at the north end of Hilly Field

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008846

Date first listed: 22-Dec-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at the north end of Hilly Field
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Tandridge (District Authority)

Parish: Godstone

National Grid Reference: TQ 34829 51846

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite damage and disturbance caused by the re-use of the mound as a windmill tump, the bowl barrow at the north end of Hilly Field survives comparatively well in a good and fairly stable condition. It contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence and, as part of a group of at least three bowl barrows, contributes to a detailed picture of settlement and land use in the area during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a natural rise in the Greensand; it is the northernmost of a group of at least four bowl barrows in Godstone, the remains of only three of which now survive. The monument has a central mound 33m east-west by 25m north-south which stands to a height of 2.2m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried for the construction of the monument. This has become partially infilled over the years but is still visible as an earthwork feature 3.5m wide and 0.3m deep. The northern edge of the mound along with the ditch no longer survive as they have been quarried away by sand extraction. The mound was re-used as the site of a windmill for at least two hundred years. The most recent mill is known to have been built in c.1810 and demolished in c.1890. Excluded from the scheduling are the fences and fence posts which run across the northern and eastern edges of the mound, however the ground beneath these is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20167

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Lambert, U, Godstone a parish history, (1929)
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in An Analysis And List Of Surrey Barrows, , Vol. 42, (1934), 53
Other
Ketteringham, L, AM12, (1979)

End of official listing