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Bowl barrow on Mere Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow on Mere Hill

List entry Number: 1008961

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Waterhouses

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Sep-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Nov-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22403

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument, the bowl barrow on Mere Hill survives well. This investigation located human and faunal remains together with pottery and artefacts of bronze, flint, and bone. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the northern end of the summit ridge of Mere Hill. It survives as oval earthen mound up to 2.5m high with maximum dimensions of 22.5m by 17m. A drystone wall crosses the barrow from the west and turns to the south at the crest. Limited antiquarian excavation of the mound located a rock-cut grave in the south-west quadrant containing two contracted inhumations and a flint. A cist of flat stones placed on end was found under and north of the western arm of the drystone wall. This cist contained two inhumations, one of which was a child, an animal cremation and a bronze knife. Other finds from elsewhere in the mound include two cremations, two inhumations, human and animal bones, flints, pottery, lead, red ochre and a bone pin. The drystone wall is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 10533 52594

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008961 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 07:42:45.

End of official listing