Cart Low bowl barrow
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008965
Date first listed: 19-Mar-1970
Date of most recent amendment: 26-Nov-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)
National Park: PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference: SK 10425 50998
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite some mutilation of the mound by medieval ploughing, Cart Low bowl barrow survives well. It is a rare survival in the Peak District of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.
The monument includes Cart Low bowl barrow located on the crest of a hilltop
at the southern end of a ridge 800m north of Calton. It survives as an oval
earthen mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 28m by 23m. Medieval
ploughing aligned north - south across the mound has created three lynchets,
two of which truncate the eastern and western edges of the barrow whilst the
third runs slightly east of centre. The monument is not known to have been
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22407
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing