A pair of bowl barrows in Clowes Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009017

Date first listed: 26-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of A pair of bowl barrows in Clowes Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Canterbury (District Authority)

Parish: Chestfield

National Grid Reference: TR 12744 63790

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance by tree roots and partial excavation, the pair of bowl barrows in Clowes Wood survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This type of funerary monument rarely survives in the clay areas of south eastern England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of bowl barrows aligned ENE-WSW, and situated near the top of a clay hill which overlooks the north Kent coast. The north easterly barrow has a circular mound 16m in diameter and survives to a height of around 1m. It has a pronounced central hollow indicating partial excavation at some time in the past. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become partially infilled over the years, but survives as a depression up to 0.4m deep and c.4m wide. Around 28m to the south west is a further barrow which has a subcircular mound measuring 17.5m in diameter and 0.3m high. This is surrounded by an infilled ditch which survives as a buried feature c.4m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25456

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing