Bowl barrow 100m SSW of Barnett's Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009106

Date first listed: 24-Apr-1979

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 100m SSW of Barnett's Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: East Lavington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 94160 18961

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite slight damage on the north-east side of the mound caused by ploughing, the bowl barrow 100m SSW of Barnett's Farm survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Greensand 2.5km to the north of the South Downs. The barrow mound is visible as an earthwork 20m in diameter and 1.1m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has since become infilled and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Excluded from the scheduling is the fence which crosses the mound from north to south although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20054

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Holden, E W, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Archaeological Collections: Volume 117, , Vol. 117, (1979), 221
Other
Aldsworth, F G, SU91NW50 MR Card, (1978)

End of official listing