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Round cairn on Summerhouse Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Summerhouse Hill

List entry Number: 1009119

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Lancaster

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Yealand Conyers

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Jan-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23730

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument, the round cairn on Summerhouse Hill survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, pottery and a bead, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located a short distance east of the summit plateau of Summerhouse Hill. It includes an oval mound of turf covered earth and limestone rubble up to 0.6m high with maximum dimensions of 12.5m north-south by 9.4m east-west. The cairn is kerbed with limestone blocks around its perimeter. At the monument's centre is a circular depression 2.5m in diameter by 0.3m deep which marks the site of an antiquarian investigation undertaken in 1778. This investigation located a human skeleton adjacent to which was found a large blue bead and an urn containing calcined human bones.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Stone, J W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 7, (1785), 414
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SD 50143 74286

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009119 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 10:03:57.

End of official listing