Round cairn on Summerhouse Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009119

Date first listed: 25-Jan-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Summerhouse Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Lancaster (District Authority)

Parish: Yealand Conyers

National Grid Reference: SD 50143 74286

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument, the round cairn on Summerhouse Hill survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, pottery and a bead, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located a short distance east of the summit plateau of Summerhouse Hill. It includes an oval mound of turf covered earth and limestone rubble up to 0.6m high with maximum dimensions of 12.5m north-south by 9.4m east-west. The cairn is kerbed with limestone blocks around its perimeter. At the monument's centre is a circular depression 2.5m in diameter by 0.3m deep which marks the site of an antiquarian investigation undertaken in 1778. This investigation located a human skeleton adjacent to which was found a large blue bead and an urn containing calcined human bones.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23730

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Stone, J W, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia , , Vol. 7, (1785), 414
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)

End of official listing