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Wayside cross west of Saltersitch Bridge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross west of Saltersitch Bridge

List entry Number: 1009291

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: North East Derbyshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Holmesfield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Aug-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23362

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

This example on Totley Moor, though lacking its shaft and cross head, is reasonably well preserved and important as one of the regional group of wayside crosses marking routes across the East Moors.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is located on Totley Moor in the eastern gritstone moorlands of the Derbyshire Peak District and is the base or socle of a medieval wayside cross. It comprises a natural earthfast gritstone block which has possibly been roughly dressed in situ to give right-angled corners but otherwise lacks evidence of tooling except for the roughly square socket hole in the top. This socket hole, which measures c.25cm by 25cm by 15cm deep, would originally have housed a cross shaft but this component, together with the cross head, is missing, possibly due to the depredations of 16th or 17th century iconoclasts. The socle has an average height of c.40cm and measures 70cm on its north side, 50cm on its east and south sides and 60cm on its west side. It is located close to a track which may represent an ancient route across Totley Moor and Big Moor. It represents one of a group of wayside crosses associated with this area of the Peak District.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SK 28634 77901

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009291 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 04:32:49.

End of official listing