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Perry Dale bowl barrow and long barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Perry Dale bowl barrow and long barrow

List entry Number: 1009310

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: High Peak

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peak Forest

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23269

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials of later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although Perry Dale bowl barrow survives only moderately well, having been disturbed by stone-getting and excavation, it nonetheless retains significant archaeological remains in its undisturbed areas and is important for its relationship with the earlier long barrow. The long barrow itself appears to have gone unrecognised in the past and so remains largely intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated north of Perry Dale, in the north-west uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire, and includes a long barrow and a bowl barrow within a single area. The long barrow includes a linear mound measuring 54m by 27m. The long axis runs from north-east to south-west and the mound is c.0.75m high at the south end and c.0.5m high at the north end. The bowl barrow, which was constructed on top of the long barrow at its north end, includes a roughly circular mound with a diameter of c.25m and a height of c.1m. A hole at the centre of the bowl barrow may be due to its being quarried for stone by 18th century wall builders. This is indicated by Bray who, writing in 1775, reports that a large number of human bones were found in the barrow. It may alternatively be the site of a partial excavation carried out by Rooke Pennington in c.1870. Pennington found two limestone cists or graves containing the remains of clay funerary pots. These remains date the bowl barrow to the Bronze Age while the long barrow is somewhat older and was constructed during the Neolithic period. The drystone wall which crosses the northern end of the monument is excluded from the scheduling though the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bray, W, Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire, (1775)
Pennington, R, 'Reliquary' in , (1874), 86

National Grid Reference: SK 10919 81183

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009310 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 03:16:28.

End of official listing