Bowl barrow at south-eastern end of summit of Gratton Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009525

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Oct-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at south-eastern end of summit of Gratton Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Alstonefield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 13200 57149

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the centre of the monument the bowl barrow at the south-eastern end of the summit of Gratton Hill survives reasonably well. The excavation located human and faunal remains together with pottery, and further similar evidence of interments and grave goods will survive. Unusually for the Peak District this barrow clearly exhibits a surrounding ditch.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the south-eastern end of the summit of Gratton Hill. It survives as a slightly oval mound up to 0.7m high with maximum dimensions of 10m by 8.5m. The summit of the barrow is somewhat uneven and a small modern cairn 0.3m high stands at the centre. Traces of a ditch up to 1.5m wide and 0.1m deep flank the barrow's north-western side and a small quarry pit measuring 5m by 3m and up to 0.5m deep lies immediately to the south of the barrow, cutting the ditch at this point. Limited excavation at the centre of the monument during the 19th century located two inhumations, three cremations, three urns and a piece of antler.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13527

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing