Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Beacon Hill, 230m east of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009549

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Oct-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Beacon Hill, 230m east of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar:  part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Aylesbury Vale (District Authority)

Parish: Ivinghoe

National Grid Reference: SP 96206 16876

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the central area of the barrow mound, most of the round barrow survives well. The close proximity of other monuments of the same period adds to the significance of the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved bowl barrow situated at the eastern tip of Ivinghoe Beacon Hill. The barrow mound has a diameter of 12m and stands to the height of 0.5m. The centre of the mound has been disturbed at some time in the past creating a hollow 4m in diameter and 0.2m deep. Surrounding the mound is a ditch, from which material for the mound was quarried. This survives as a well defined earthwork 2m wide and 0.2m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19071

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing