Bowl barrow 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009556

Date first listed: 18-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Ilam

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 11751 52098

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations of the barrow's centre and eastern side the monument survives well. These investigations located human remains, flint and pottery, and further similar evidence of interments and grave goods will survive within the mound and upon the old landsurface. Unusually for the Peak District this barrow is located in a river valley.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge on a narrow terrace just above the flood plain of the River Manifold. It survives as an oval mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 20.5m by 17m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre and eastern side of the barrow located two inhumations, three cremations, flints, pottery and a bone artefact.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13539

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing