Pea Low bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009603

Date first listed: 12-Nov-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Aug-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pea Low bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009603 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2018 at 04:23:38.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Alstonefield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 13083 56456

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's southeastern side and modern disturbance to the southwestern side, Pea Low bowl barrow survives well and remains a visually impressive feature in the landscape. Not only does the monument stand out from other bowl barrows in the region because of its large size and associated quarry pits, it also bears typological similarities to known Neolithic barrows in the Peak District. Unusually for the region this barrow exhibits re-use during Roman times.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Pea Low bowl barrow located on the crest of a ridge with higher ground to the northwest. It survives as an impressively large oval mound up to 3.5m high with maximum dimensions of 45.5m by 38m. A series of quarry pits measuring up to 20m diameter by 0.5m deep, and dug for construction of the mound, are visible on all sides except the south-east. The mound displays areas of disturbance, notably a stony hollow on it's southwestern side measuring 13m by 6m and 1.5m deep that is considered to have been the site of a former limekiln, and a shallow area of exposed rubble on the southeastern side that is the site of antiquarian investigations. These limited investigations revealed evidence of the barrow having been re-used during Roman times. Inhumations, cremations, faunal remains, flint, iron artefacts and Roman coins were all recovered during the course of these excavations. All fences and drystone walls are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 20 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13530

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 121
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 125
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 76
Other
Barnatt, J (Site surveyor), (1990)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS), Derby Local History Library MS 9541
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS), Derby Local History Library MS 9541
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS), Derby Local History Library MS 9541
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS), Derby Local History Library MS 9541

End of official listing