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Two bowl barrows in Shipley Bottom

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows in Shipley Bottom

List entry Number: 1009632

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Swindon

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Liddington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Sep-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12353

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Shipley Bottom barrows survive well and, as a pair of contemporary burial monuments, could provide a more detailed insight into the social organisation and economy of Bronze Age communities in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, orientated east-west and set on the floor of a shallow dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The eastern barrow mound is 22m across and the western mound 17m across; both are 0.5m high and surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The eastern mound was partially excavated by Passmore, finds including a primary cremation burial and part of an incense cup lying 1m away.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Passmore, , 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 27, ()

National Grid Reference: SU 22892 78550

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009632 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 07:08:03.

End of official listing