Two bowl barrows in Shipley Bottom


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009632

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Sep-1994


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows in Shipley Bottom
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Liddington

National Grid Reference: SU 22892 78550


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Shipley Bottom barrows survive well and, as a pair of contemporary burial monuments, could provide a more detailed insight into the social organisation and economy of Bronze Age communities in the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, orientated east-west and set on the floor of a shallow dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The eastern barrow mound is 22m across and the western mound 17m across; both are 0.5m high and surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The eastern mound was partially excavated by Passmore, finds including a primary cremation burial and part of an incense cup lying 1m away.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12353

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Passmore, , 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 27, ()

End of official listing