Bowl barrow 700m south west of Liddington Warren Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009634

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Sep-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 700m south west of Liddington Warren Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Liddington

National Grid Reference: SU 22177 78549

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the Liddington Warren Farm bowl barrow and cultivation of the northern part of the barrow mound, much of the monument remains intact, survives comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains. The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides a clear indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set above the floor of a dry valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 27m in diameter and 1m high. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Partial excavation of the site produced a cremation burial below a stone cairn accompanied by the rim of a pottery urn and a conical shale button.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12283

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Passmore, , 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 27, ()

End of official listing