Bowl barrow 150m south-east of Cliff Top

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009649

Date first listed: 17-Jan-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Jun-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 150m south-east of Cliff Top
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Blore with Swinscoe

National Grid Reference: SK 13656 48067

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite slight mutilation of the monument's profile and limited antiquarian investigation at the mound's centre the bowl barrow 150m south-east of Cliff Top survives well. This investigation located human remains and artifacts and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface. Additionally the monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow displaying re-use during Roman times.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 150m south-east of Cliff Top on the crest of a prominent ridge. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval mound of earth and stone up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 18m by 16m. There is a central pit measuring some 4m by 3m and up to 0.5m deep. A boundary bank 0.3m high crosses the north-east half of the barrow altering the profile slightly. Limited antiquarian investigation at the monument's centre located a rock-cut grave containing a partly disturbed inhumation. A cremation, Romano-British pottery, a piece of iron and a flint were found above the rock-cut grave.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13574

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 151
Other
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing