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Top Low bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Top Low bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1009654

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Blore with Swinscoe

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Nov-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Aug-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13576

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor plough damage to the barrow's edges and limited 19th and 20th century investigation at the centre of the mound, Top Low bowl barrow survives reasonably well. These investigations located human and faunal remains and artifacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Top Low bowl barrow located at the north-east end of a broad ridge-top plateau with land sloping steeply down to the north and east. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval mound of stone and earth up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 22m by 20m. A shallow central pit measuring 5m by 2m and 0.2m deep is a legacy of past investigation of the barrow. A second, smaller, shallow pit of the same origin lies towards the southern end of the barrow's centre. This limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow located a variety of archaeological remains including 2 rock-cut graves, 2 cists, 6 inhumations, an animal inhumation, a cremation, pottery, artefacts of bronze, flint and bone, antler tine and a human skull. Further limited excavation occurred in 1927 when Pape re-dug some of the previously investigated area and located disturbed inhumations, flints, pottery and fragments of a polished axe.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 133
Pape, , 'Trans North Staffordshire Field Club' in Trans North Staffordshire Field Club (1930), (1930), 89-96
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 12965 49143

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009654 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Feb-2018 at 07:29:11.

End of official listing