Hut circle settlement 975m NE of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


Ordnance survey map of Hut circle settlement 975m NE of Trewortha Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
North Hill
National Grid Reference:
SX 24541 76178

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle settlement in the Withey Brook valley has survived well and displays several unusual features, notably the levelled annexe and the partial enclosure of the settlement clearly omitting one of its hut circles. The settlement is a rare survival in a valley floor location and its proximity to another group of similarly-placed hut circles demonstrates well the nature of settlement in this topographical position during the Bronze Age.


The monument includes a small, partly-enclosed hut circle settlement situated near another discrete group of hut circles at the southern edge of the Withey Brook valley floor, north of Trewortha Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The settlement contains four stone hut circles, surviving with circular walls of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide and 0.75m high, around levelled internal areas ranging from 6m to 12m in diameter. All show edge-set inner facing slabs and two also have outer facing slabs. Entrance gaps survive in three hut circles, variously facing SW, east and NW. The three smaller hut circles are arranged as a triangular cluster, spaced 2.5-3m apart and closely contained within a curvilinear enclosure wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide and 0.5m high. This enclosure encompasses 0.06 hectares. Its northern side is interrupted by a small rectangular annexe built against the northern side of the NW hut circle in the cluster. The annexe is similarly rubble walled and measures 12.5m NE-SW by 11m NW-SE internally, encompassing 0.014 hectares which is also levelled. It has an entrance gap at its southern corner, adjacent to the NW entrance of the adjoining hut circle and to a break in the enclosure wall. The fourth, and largest, hut circle stands unenclosed, situated NW of the enclosure containing the other three and separated by a gap of 14m from the enclosure wall.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2476 (Consulted 9/1991),
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1078.01, .02, .03, & .04,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1078.02,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1078.05, .06, & .07,


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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