Bowl barrow 220m south of The Limes


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009997

Date first listed: 22-Dec-1994


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 220m south of The Limes
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 10:26:05.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: South Kesteven (District Authority)

Parish: Horbling

National Grid Reference: TF 11804 34682


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow 220m south of The Limes survives well as one of a pair of earthwork barrows in an area where there are few upstanding earthworks of this period. Archaeological information, including evidence concerning the construction of the barrow and the duration and character of its use, will be contained in the barrow mound, the soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the ditch. Organic material, including evidence for the local environment at that time, will also be preserved in the waterlogged lower fills of the ditch, which are of particular interest because the survival of wet deposits in association with monuments of this type is generally rare . The evidence for later cultivation, represented by the build up of soil into a ridge on the north and east sides of the monument, is also of interest in that it respects the barrow and shows that the mound remained a feature in the later agricultural use of the area. The relationship of this barrow to the second barrow immediately to the north west (the subject of a separate scheduling) will add significantly to the interest of the site.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated immediately to the east of the Billingborough Road. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, covering a circular area approximately 27m in diameter and standing to a height of approximately 2m. The mound is encircled by a ditch approximately 4m wide at the top and 1.5m deep, which has become infilled and is now partly covered by the spread of earth from the mound, but which survives as a buried feature. Borehole samples taken of the ditch fill have shown that the lowest levels are waterlogged. Later cultivation around the barrow has caused a build up of soil on the north and east sides of the ditch, forming a slight ridge and giving the outer margins of the barrow in this area the appearance of a rectilinear rather than a circular form. This later ridge is included in the scheduling. The field boundary which adjoins the barrow on the west side, and enclosure fences on the east side are excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20810

Legacy System: RSM


Dossier for H B M C, Fenland Evaluation Project: Lincolnshire, (1990)
Pickard, J B, (1991)

End of official listing