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Round cairn, 220m north of Tom's Crags

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn, 220m north of Tom's Crags

List entry Number: 1010040

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Greystead

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Dec-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25125

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the fact that the upper surface of the cairn has been rearranged, the round cairn near Tom's Crags survives reasonably well and contains significant archaeological deposits. This cairn is a rare survival of Bronze Age activity in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a substantial round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on the left bank of the River Irthing. The cairn, which has become spread beyond its original extent, is now roughly oval in shape and is composed of large angular stones. It measures 18m by 15m and stands to a maximum height of 1.1m. The southern part of the cairn has been rearranged to form a small rectangular sheep pen but the lower courses of the cairn material are undisturbed.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 63807 78322

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010040 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 06:44:26.

End of official listing