Round cairn, 220m north of Tom's Crags

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010040

Date first listed: 03-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Dec-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 220m north of Tom's Crags
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 15:10:30.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Greystead

National Grid Reference: NY 63807 78322

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the fact that the upper surface of the cairn has been rearranged, the round cairn near Tom's Crags survives reasonably well and contains significant archaeological deposits. This cairn is a rare survival of Bronze Age activity in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a substantial round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on the left bank of the River Irthing. The cairn, which has become spread beyond its original extent, is now roughly oval in shape and is composed of large angular stones. It measures 18m by 15m and stands to a maximum height of 1.1m. The southern part of the cairn has been rearranged to form a small rectangular sheep pen but the lower courses of the cairn material are undisturbed.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25125

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing