Casterley Camp and associated monuments
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2019 at 10:50:55.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 11565 53537
Reasons for Designation
The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Seven hillforts are recorded in the Salisbury Plain Training Area. Hillforts represent a major settlement form for the Iron Age and, unless severely damaged, are considered worthy of protection. Significantly, all of these are associated with contemporary archaeological features such as field systems and land boundaries.
The importance of the Casterley monument is considerably enhanced by the series of late Iron Age enclosures occupying the interior of the hillfort. Excavation during the 1900s suggested that the late Iron Age occupation was of high status and a possible ritual function has been suggested.
A large Iron Age/Romano-British enclosure with shallow enclosures and Romano-
British occupation internally and a trackway to the west.
1 - A large Iron Age/Romano-British enclosure, possibly non-defensive in
function and incomplete. Partially excavated in the 19th century.
2 - Three apparently related enclosures situated within Casterley Camp. Stock
control and religious functions have been attributed to the enclosures.
Partially excavated in the 19th century. (SU11645388)
3 - An area of Romano-British occupation within Casterley Camp. Partial
investigation recovered Samian, New Forest and Coarse ware, coins, bronze
earpicks, pins and tweezers, a stamp and knives, nails etc. (SU11585350)
4 - A trackway on the west side of Casterley Camp. There are traces of a bank
on both sides.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing