Crop mark of a bowl barrow at Wigston Parva

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010200

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Feb-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Crop mark of a bowl barrow at Wigston Parva
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: Blaby (District Authority)

Parish: Wigston Parva

National Grid Reference: SP 46698 89245

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although this site retains no clearly visible above-ground features it is known that it is a complex and unusual example which retains evidence of several phases of reconstruction.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site is situated 0.5km north-west of High Cross on land sloping gently towards the Watling Street Roman road. It includes a bowl barrow known to exist from aerial photographs which show that the ditches which surrounded the barrow mound still survive. The site now retains only below ground remains, the upstanding barrow having been reduced by continued agricultural use.

Crop mark evidence reveals three concentric ring ditches showing successive ditch re-cutting around one barrow. This is considered to be a multi-phase Bronze Age barrow site.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 17076

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Pickering, J, Hartley, R F, Past Worlds in a Landscape, (1985), 56-7

End of official listing