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Two bowl barrows on High Down, 370m west of Tennyson's Beacon

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on High Down, 370m west of Tennyson's Beacon

List entry Number: 1010511

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Totland

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Jan-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12334

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation in 1817 and the continued disturbance by animal burrowing, both of the High Down barrows have potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north-south and set on the crest of a prominent chalk ridge which runs east-west across the island. The southern barrow mound is 9.5m across and 0.6m high. Partial excavation of the mound by the Reverend Skinner in 1817 produced a cremation burial in a ceramic urn. Some 5m to the north is a further barrow mound 10.5m in diameter and 0.8m high. Excavation in 1817 produced an urn containing charcoal while more recently bronze spearheads and bone fragments have been recovered in spoil from a rabbit burrow on the north side of the mound. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the mounds and survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'PROC OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT NATURAL HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY SOC' in Proceedings of the Isle of Wight Natural History and Archaelogical Society, (1940), 194

National Grid Reference: SZ 32167 85351

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010511 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 04:04:56.

End of official listing