Bowl barrow in Long Plantation, 610m NE of Starved Oak Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010636

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Dec-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Long Plantation, 610m NE of Starved Oak Cross
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Brampford Speke

National Grid Reference: SX 91762 99170

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This bowl barrow is one of the best-preserved upstanding examples within the Upton Pyne barrow group, and it has survived without previous archaeological disturbance; tree roots and a badger set affect the barrow to only a limited extent and depth, leaving a high likelihood of intact funerary deposits. The unusual low-lying position of the Upton Pyne barrow cemetery, its good overall preservation, and the quality of the dating, constructional and artefactual information that it has already produced, have all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of Bronze Age funerary monuments.


The monument is a bowl barrow surviving as an earthen mound, 30m in diameter and 2m high, at the edge of a deciduous plantation, the barrow's SE edge truncated along the fence-line to the arable field beyond. There is no visible or recorded evidence that this barrow has ever been subject to any archaeological excavation, although debris from a badger set in the S part of the barrow confirms a red soil/clay outer layer similar to that noted in other excavated barrows nearby. This barrow is one of a relatively isolated pair, spaced 70m apart, and is situated on the gentle SW slope of a low hill at the eastern edge of the core area of the Upton Pyne barrow group. This group comprises over thirty recorded barrows dispersed about a low-lying alluvial basin north of the confluences of the River Exe with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the overall group, barrows occur both as isolated examples and forming localised clusters. Grave goods and a radiocarbon date derived from the few partly-excavated barrows in this group indicate burials during the early and middle Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000 BC) . All of the upstanding barrows in this group present the appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches being supported by air photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples that have been excavated. The post-and-wire fence crossing by the barrow's SSE side is excluded from the scheduling but the land beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15020

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-50
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-026 and -052,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)

End of official listing