Bowl barrow 500m W of Starved Oak Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010645

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Oct-1991


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m W of Starved Oak Cross
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2018 at 14:09:31.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Upton Pyne

National Grid Reference: SX 90763 98772


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This bowl barrow has survived without any known previous archaeological disturbance and preserves one of the better visible profiles among the barrows of the Upton Pyne group, whose unusual low-lying position, good overall preservation, and quality of dating, constructional and artefactual information have all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of Bronze Age funerary monuments.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is a bowl barrow surviving as an earthen mound, 40m in diameter and 1m high, in a ploughed arable field. There is no visible or recorded evidence that this barrow has ever been excavated, though several flint artefacts have been recovered from its surface during survey. This barrow is situated near the centre of a line of four well-spaced barrows on a low broad ridge overlooking a shallow valley at the centre of the area covered by the Upton Pyne barrow group. This group comprises over thirty recorded barrows dispersed about a low-lying alluvial basin N of the confluences of the River Exe with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the group, barrows occur both as isolated examples and forming localised clusters. Grave goods and a radiocarbon date derived from the few-partly excavated barrows in the group indicate burials during the early and middle Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000 BC). All of the upstanding barrows in this group present the surface appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches being supported by aerial photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples that have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15026

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-150
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-003,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021, -026, -027 and -052,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)

End of official listing