Bowl barrow 600m W of Starved Oak Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010646

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 600m W of Starved Oak Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Upton Pyne

National Grid Reference: SX 90680 98897

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This bowl barrow has survived without any previous disturbance and presents one of the best-preserved barrow profiles among the Upton Pyne barrow group, whose unusual low-lying position, good overall preservation, and quality of dating, constructional and artefactual information have all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of Bronze Age funerary monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow surviving as an earthen mound, 35m in diameter and 1m high, in a ploughed arable field. There is no visible or recorded evidence that it has ever been excavated. It stands at the S edge of the field, abutting and slightly truncated by the roadside hedge and verge crossing its S periphery. This barrow is the westernmost of a line of four well-spaced barrows sited on a low broad ridge overlooking a shallow valley at the centre of the area covered by the Upton Pyne barrow group. This group comprises over thirty recorded barrows dispersed about a low-lying alluvial basin north of the confluences of the River Exe with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the overall group, barrows occur both as isolated examples and forming localised clusters. Grave goods and a radiocarbon date derived from the few partly-excavated barrows in the group indicate burials during the early and middle Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000 BC). All of the upstanding barrows in this group present the appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches being supported by air photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples that have been excavated. The hedge crossing the S side of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling but the land beneath it, including the grassed verge, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15027

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-150
Other
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021, -026, -027 and -052,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)

End of official listing