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Outlook Cave

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Outlook Cave

List entry Number: 1010711

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Mendip

District Type: District Authority

Parish: St. Cuthbert Out

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Sep-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13266

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Palaeolithic caves and rock shelters provide some of the earliest evidence of human activity in the period from about 400,000 to 10,000 years ago. The sites, all natural topographic features, occur mainly in hard limestone in the north and west of the country, although examples also exist in the softer rocks of south-east England. Evidence for human occupation is often located near the cave entrances, close to the rock walls or on the exterior platforms. The interiors sometimes served as special areas for disposal and storage or were places where material naturally accumulated from the outside. Because of the special conditions of deposition and preservation, organic and other fragile materials often survive well and in stratigraphic association. Caves and rock shelters are therefore of major importance for understanding this period. Due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all examples with good survival of deposits are considered to be nationally important.

The 21 sites in Somerset form the densest and one of the most important concentrations of this type of monument in the country. The importance of Outlook Cave lies in the occurrence of rare human remains associated with a Late Glacial fauna from a sealed context, areas of which still survive within the cave.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Outlook Cave is situated high on the right bank of Ebbor Gorge, 58m above the current valley bottom and 50m below the plateau. It consists of an artificially widened entrance, c.1m wide and 1.5m high, leading to a small chamber extending c.12m and with a passage off to the east. A Mendip Nature Research Committee excavation in 1907 uncovered human and animal remains of Neolithic and later date, while, beneath a stalagmite floor, were reported human remains and reindeer bones. Although much of the cave has been excavated, archaeological deposits are believed to survive inside the eastern passage and on the north-west wall of the small chamber, sealed beneath a remnant of stalagmite floor. The monument, therefore, includes the cave and all of its remaining deposits.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Balch, H E, Mendip - the Great Cave of Wookey Hole, (1914)
Balch, H E, Wookey Hole, its Caves and Cave Dwellers, (1914)
Barrington, N, Stanton, W I, Mendip: The Complete Caves and a View of the Hills, (1977)
Other
With RNEB and SNC, Jacobi, R M, With RNEB and SNC, (1986)

National Grid Reference: ST 52464 48644

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010711 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2018 at 02:21:23.

End of official listing