Sutton Common bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010768

Date first listed: 11-Mar-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Sutton Common bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Doncaster (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Owston

National Grid Reference: SE 56876 12193

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Having suffered only minimal damage in the past, and having never been excavated, Sutton Common bowl barrow is a very well-preserved and important example of its class.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Sutton Common bowl barrow is situated in the northern arm of Shirley Wood, 340m east of the Sutton Common earthworks. It consists of a hemispherical earth mound, between 2m and 3m high, measuring c.17m north-south and c.13m east-west. The eastern edge of the monument has, at some point, been shaved by the digging of a ditch along the adjacent field-boundary. This implies the original width of the mound was once approximately equal to its length, indicating, by its size and shape, that it is a burial mound datable to the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age, between 2400 and 1500BC. Traces of the construction ditch that would have circled the barrow can be seen on the south side where a 3-4m wide band of softer soil is discernible at the foot of the mound. Excluded from the scheduling is the post and wire fence running NNW-SSE across the eastern edge of the site. The adjacent ditch, however, is included as further work on this will affect the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13254

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
13/2/90, South Yorkshire SMR, SMR Record (PIN 00133), PIN 00133,

End of official listing