Two bowl barrows 400m north-east of Quarry Farm: part of the Redhill round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011127

Date first listed: 16-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 400m north-east of Quarry Farm: part of the Redhill round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: North Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wrington

National Grid Reference: ST 50747 63897

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 400m north-east of Quarry Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. These barrows form an integral part of one of only three round barrow cemeteries known in the county of Avon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows forming part of a wider round barrow cemetery. The barrows are aligned broadly north-east to south-west and are situated on the north-facing slope of Redhill, 400m north-east of Quarry Farm. The northern barrow has a mound 15m wide and c.0.75m high; the southern barrow has a mound 25m wide and c.0.8m high. Each mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during their construction. These ditches have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.2m wide. The two bowl barrows belong to a group of at least six barrows which originally formed the Redhill round barrow cemetery. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts which lie within its boundary although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22832

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Description of barrow cemetery,
Description of the barrow cemetery,

End of official listing