This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Enclosed settlement 380m south west of Raddick Hill summit

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosed settlement 380m south west of Raddick Hill summit

List entry Number: 1011173

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Jun-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22299

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 380m south west of Raddick Hill summit survives well within an area containing a large variety of important archaeological monuments. The settlement contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the Moor. The close association of the settlement with the nearby cairn field is of special interest as the cairn field may represent the burial ground for the site's inhabitants.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an enclosure, ten stone hut circles, a clearance cairn and a length of field boundary situated on a gentle south west facing slope of Raddick Hill overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The enclosure measures 106m long by 80m wide and is defined by a 2m wide and 0.4m high orthostatic wall faced by slabs on both sides and infilled with rubble. A gap in the southern side of the enclosure is considered to be an original entrance. Nine of the stone hut circles lie within the enclosure and the other is attached to the south eastern corner of the enclosure boundary. The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding an internal area. Nine of the huts are circular in plan and one is oval. The internal diameter of circular huts varies between 2.6m and 4.7m with the average being 3.5m. The oval hut measures 2.7m long by 1.3m wide. The height of all the surrounding walls varies between 0.4m and 0.6m with the average being 0.48m. Three of the huts are linked to the enclosure walling and appear to pre-date it. Seven of the huts have visible doorways and one has an annexe. The clearance cairn, which lies towards the east side of the enclosures, measures 5m long by 4m wide and stands up to 0.5m high. This feature suggests that the interior of the enclosure may have been cultivated, though whether this activity was contemporary with the settlement is not known. A lyncheted field boundary leading into the south eastern corner of the enclosure, measures 26m long by 3.5m wide and 0.8m high, and may represent an unfinished field-plot.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE76,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE40,

National Grid Reference: SX 57695 70780

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011173 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Aug-2018 at 03:40:29.

End of official listing