Enclosure 1250m NNW of Standon Down
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1011230
Date first listed: 28-Oct-1993
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011230 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 22-Feb-2019 at 18:39:39.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
Parish: Peter Tavy
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 55054 82681
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The enclosure 1250m NNW of Standon Down survives comparatively well and lies on the western edge of a large expanse of blanket peat which contains important environmental information. Archaeological structures, features and deposits will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.
This monument includes a sub-oval enclosure situated on a gentle west-facing
slope overlooking Tavy Cleave. The interior of the enclosure measures 29m
north to south by 21m east to west and is defined by a rubble wall up to 2.5m
wide and 0.5m high. The eastern half of the enclosure is buried beneath peat,
although the upper part of the boundary bank remains visible.
A bulge in the south-east corner of the enclosure may represent the site of a
stone hut circle, which now survives largely as a buried feature. A gap in
the southern wall represents an original entrance to the enclosure.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22315
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 98
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE26,
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX58SE15,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing