A stone hut circle 50m west of Western Red Lake


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011243

Date first listed: 11-Jan-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Nov-1993


Ordnance survey map of A stone hut circle 50m west of Western Red Lake
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 56552 83116

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the stone hut circle 50m west of Western Red Lake survives comparatively well and contains important and informative archaeological structures, features and deposits. Such evidence will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.


This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a north-east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Tavy and the large unenclosed stone hut circle settlement at Watern Oke. The building is terraced into the hillslope and is composed of stone and earth walls surrounding a sub-rectangular internal area. The interior of the hut measures 4m long by 3.3m wide and is surrounded by a 1.6m wide wall standing up to 0.7m high. Excavations carried out by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in June 1905 recovered flint, charcoal and traces of pottery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22313

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 110
Anderson, I K, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Hut Circle Settlement at Watern Oke, , Vol. 38, (1906), 113
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE18,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
Robinson, R., AM107 for DV 559, (1982)

End of official listing