Bowl barrow 500m north-west of High Court Green


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011282

Date first listed: 17-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m north-west of High Court Green
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Guisborough

National Grid Reference: NZ 57924 18068


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow is well preserved and the archaeological deposits survive undisturbed. Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the mound and within the ditch. Additionally, evidence relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider landscape will also survive. This barrow is of an unusual form and indicates the variety and complexity of Bronze Age funerary monuments. The importance of this monument is increased because of the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity; such evidence provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a large bowl barrow of Bronze Age date situated on a south-facing slope. The barrow mound measures 21m in diameter and survives to a height of 50 cm. This monument is of unusual form; at its centre there is a smaller mound measuring 4m in diamater and standing to a height of 1m. The platform area between the central mound and the edge of the barrow is slightly concave in profile. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide the material to build the mound, is no longer visible at ground level but it survives as a buried feature measuring 2m across. The eastern edge of the barrow and its ditch has been truncated by the forestry plantation and does not survive beyond the fence. The fence line is excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20861

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, , Vol. 63, (1991), 47
No. 0533, (1988)

End of official listing