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Round cairn on Dunmail Raise

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Dunmail Raise

List entry Number: 1011353

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Allerdale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: St. John's Castlerigg and Wythburn

County: Cumbria

District: South Lakeland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lakes

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Nov-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Oct-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22556

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite 19th century disturbance to the monument caused by road improvements, the round cairn on Dunmail Raise survives reasonably well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the oval platform on which the cairn stands and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located at the summit of Dunmail Raise on the central reservation of a stretch of dual carriageway of the A591. It includes a conical mound of stones up to 4m high, with maximum dimensions of 18.5m by 15.5m, which sits on a low lichen-covered oval platform of stones up to 0.5m high with maximum dimensions of 23m by 20.5m. According to local tradition the cairn was built either as a tumulus for Dunmail, last king of Cumbria, or as a marker for the battlefield of Dunmail and Edmund, the Saxon king, in 934 AD.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Cumb Assn for Adv of Lit and Sci' in Cumb Assn for Adv of Lit and Sci, , Vol. 9, (), 60
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fancy Barrows, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
Saunders, A.D., AM Records Form, (1970)
SMR No. 1239, Cumbria SMR, Cairn on Dunmail Raise, (1985)

National Grid Reference: NY 32726 11711

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011353 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:04:53.

End of official listing