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Cross dyke, south of Campville

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cross dyke, south of Campville

List entry Number: 1011396

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Harbottle

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jan-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Dec-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20951

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke south of Campville is very well preserved and a good example of its type. Few cross dykes survive in Northumberland and this monument will add to our understanding of prehistoric territorial units. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the existence of other prehistoric monuments, including Bronze Age cairns, in the immediate vicinity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cross dyke of prehistoric date cutting off the promontory formed by the confluence of the Dovecrag and Holystone Burns. The dyke is formed by a ditch 4m across and 1.5m deep with the upcast from the ditch thrown to the eastern side to form a rampart 4.5m wide by 1.5m high which runs parallel to the ditch for its entire length of 390m. The dyke runs between the two burns across the central hilly section where it is bisected by a Roman road. North of the road the dyke is less straight and a pronounced twist can be seen. The road and the forestry plantation wall which bisect the cross dyke are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NT 90 SW 11,

National Grid Reference: NT 94702 02223

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011396 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 07:49:27.

End of official listing