Cross dyke, south of Campville

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011396
Date first listed:
08-Jan-1964
Date of most recent amendment:
23-Dec-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross dyke, south of Campville
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Harbottle
National Park:
NORTHUMBERLAND
National Grid Reference:
NT 94702 02223

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke south of Campville is very well preserved and a good example of its type. Few cross dykes survive in Northumberland and this monument will add to our understanding of prehistoric territorial units. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the existence of other prehistoric monuments, including Bronze Age cairns, in the immediate vicinity.

Details

The monument includes a cross dyke of prehistoric date cutting off the promontory formed by the confluence of the Dovecrag and Holystone Burns. The dyke is formed by a ditch 4m across and 1.5m deep with the upcast from the ditch thrown to the eastern side to form a rampart 4.5m wide by 1.5m high which runs parallel to the ditch for its entire length of 390m. The dyke runs between the two burns across the central hilly section where it is bisected by a Roman road. North of the road the dyke is less straight and a pronounced twist can be seen. The road and the forestry plantation wall which bisect the cross dyke are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20951
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
NT 90 SW 11,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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