Stone hut circle settlement, fields and enclosures 270m south-west of White Tor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011450

Date first listed: 14-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle settlement, fields and enclosures 270m south-west of White Tor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 54028 78517


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlement, fields and enclosures 270m south-west of White Tor survive well and contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the development of the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes a stone hut circle settlement, fields and enclosures situated on a terrace sheltered below a rock outcrop on the south-west facing slope of White Tor overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook. Ten stone hut circles can be identified within the settlement. Six of the huts are circular in plan and measure between 2.2m and 2.8m in diameter. The remaining huts are oval and measure less than 3.1m by 2.3m wide. The walls of all the huts are composed of stone and earth and measure between 0.2m and 0.7m high. Two of the huts consist of two rooms attached to each other. Six of the huts are attached to boundary banks and four have visible doorways. The stone hut circles lie within a field system including four fields defined by rubble wall boundaries which are 2m wide on average and stand up to 0.7m high. Seven small enclosures situated around the focus of the settlement are defined by rubble walls which are 1.5m wide on average and stand up to 0.5m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22207

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 91-2
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW117,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW64,

End of official listing