Round cairn 220m north of Conies Down Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011457

Date first listed: 14-Aug-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 220m north of Conies Down Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58889 79387

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 220m north of Conies Down Tor survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The stone row at Conies Down and the standing stone known as the Beardown Man are both clearly visible from this monument and it therefore forms part of a dispersed complex of contemporary ritual monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the southern edge of a level plateau. The mound measures 24m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. A hollow in the southern part of the mound suggests previous partial excavation or robbing. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the cairn, surrounds the mound. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives as an earthwork, 3.5m wide and 0.2m deep on the west side, and as a buried feature elsewhere. A stone cist including three side stones is situated on the north side of the mound and measures 1.4m long by 0.9m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22221

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE14,
National Archaeological Record, SX57NE44,

End of official listing