Round cairn 220m north of Conies Down Tor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 02:29:18.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Dartmoor Forest
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 58889 79387
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 220m north of Conies Down Tor survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The stone row at Conies Down and the standing stone known as the Beardown Man are both clearly visible from this monument and it therefore forms part of a dispersed complex of contemporary ritual monuments.
The monument includes a round cairn situated on the southern edge of a level
plateau. The mound measures 24m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. A
hollow in the southern part of the mound suggests previous partial excavation
or robbing. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction
of the cairn, surrounds the mound. This has become partly infilled over the
years but survives as an earthwork, 3.5m wide and 0.2m deep on the west side,
and as a buried feature elsewhere. A stone cist including three side stones is
situated on the north side of the mound and measures 1.4m long by 0.9m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE14,
National Archaeological Record, SX57NE44,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing