Round cairn 650m north-east of Sparretts Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011506

Date first listed: 08-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 650m north-east of Sparretts Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Cleer

National Grid Reference: SX 24255 72072

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on western Craddock Moor has survived well, with only very minor disturbance by stone robbers, and it will retain many of its original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites demonstrates well the nature of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn situated close to other broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites on western Craddock Moor on south-eastern Bodmin Moor. The round cairn survives with a largely turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 4m in diameter and up to 0.6m high. Relatively recent stone robbing has produced a shallow hollow, 0.7m wide and 0.1m deep, across the centre of the mound on a NNW-SSE axis, its spoil increasing the visible diameter of the mound to 4.5m on the axis. Beyond this monument, nearby broadly contemporary monuments include a group of cairns and a prehistoric ritual avenue located 90m to the ENE, another similar cairn 175m to the west, extensive prehistoric field systems with hut circle settlements situated 210m to the north, and a prehistoric stone alignment which passes 235m to the north-west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15202

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
consulted 4/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription, SX 2472,

End of official listing