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Round cairn 650m north-east of Sparretts Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 650m north-east of Sparretts Farm

List entry Number: 1011506

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Cleer

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Sep-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15202

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on western Craddock Moor has survived well, with only very minor disturbance by stone robbers, and it will retain many of its original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites demonstrates well the nature of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn situated close to other broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites on western Craddock Moor on south-eastern Bodmin Moor. The round cairn survives with a largely turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 4m in diameter and up to 0.6m high. Relatively recent stone robbing has produced a shallow hollow, 0.7m wide and 0.1m deep, across the centre of the mound on a NNW-SSE axis, its spoil increasing the visible diameter of the mound to 4.5m on the axis. Beyond this monument, nearby broadly contemporary monuments include a group of cairns and a prehistoric ritual avenue located 90m to the ENE, another similar cairn 175m to the west, extensive prehistoric field systems with hut circle settlements situated 210m to the north, and a prehistoric stone alignment which passes 235m to the north-west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
consulted 4/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription, SX 2472,

National Grid Reference: SX 24255 72072

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011506 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:11:55.

End of official listing