Ravens Gill Romano-British farmstead


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011510

Date first listed: 26-Oct-1936

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Ravens Gill Romano-British farmstead
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011510 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 17:53:47.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 62743 12575


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

Ravens Gill Romano-British farmstead is one of a number of similar settlements grouped around the head of the Lyvennet valley. Despite some damage to the monument by later quarrying the site survives well and will retain significant information regarding its original form and use.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is Ravens Gill Romano-British farmstead, one of a number of such sites surrounding the head of the Lyvennet valley. The site occupies a small south facing slope or scar which, like a step, separates level ground above it from level ground below. It includes an irregular oval-shaped enclosure measuring 18m by 16.5m with a surrounding bank up to 1m high. There is an entrance to the enclosure's eastern side. To the south and east of the enclosure lie further banks defining additional features originally associated with the enclosure. Some of these banks have been disturbed by shallow surface quarrying. The site would have been in use during the period of the Roman occupation. It lies in an area once occupied by a tribal grouping known as the Carvetii. A post and wire fence on the monument's western side is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22461

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Collingwood, R G, 'Trans Cumb & West Ant & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Prehistoric Settlements Near Crosby Ravensworth, , Vol. XXXIII, (1936)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)

End of official listing