Bowl barrow 70m south of Iron Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011517

Date first listed: 27-Oct-1938

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 70m south of Iron Hill
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 59642 14760


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Limited antiquarian investigation of this monument located human and faunal remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is a partly mutilated bowl barrow located on the westerly edge of the summit ridge of Iron Hill. It includes a sub-oval shaped hummocky mound up to 0.3m high with maximum dimensions of 6m by 5m. There is a partial ring of 7 rounded pink granite boulders, formerly part of a kerb that surrounded the mound, with 2 more similar boulders lying beyond the partial ring a short distance to the north-east. Four boulders scattered on top of the mound are thought to be part of a cist. Limited antiquarian investigation at this site located the bones of a man, part of a deer antler and animal bones.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22463

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Collingwood, R G, 'Trans Cumb & West Ant & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Prehistoric Settlements Near Crosby Ravensworth, (1936), 220
Collingwood, R G, 'Trans Cumb & West Ant & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Prehistoric Settlements Near Crosby Ravensworth, (1936), 220-1
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 2903, Cumbria SMR, Mounds at Iron Hill, Crosby Ravensworth, (1987)

End of official listing