Long barrow 230m east of Chewton Plot

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011524

Date first listed: 19-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 230m east of Chewton Plot
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Mendip (District Authority)

Parish: Chewton Mendip

National Grid Reference: ST 61113 52907

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 230m east of Chewton Plot survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is a rare example of a long barrow in an area which otherwise contains a concentration of later burial monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow orientated roughly northwest to southeast and situated on level ground 230m east of Chewton Plot. It is visible as a barrow mound 28m long by 12m wide and c.2.5m high when viewed from the north. Although no longer visible at ground level, two parallel ditches, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, lie on either side of the mound to the north and south. These ditches have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13884

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), p. 101
Other
23252, (1991)

End of official listing