Southern round cairn on north end of The Tongue, Troutbeck Park

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011593
Date first listed:
12-Jun-1974
Date of most recent amendment:
23-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Southern round cairn on north end of The Tongue, Troutbeck Park
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Cumbria
District:
South Lakeland (District Authority)
Parish:
Lakes
National Park:
LAKE DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
NY 42478 07622

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance to the cist and partial mutilation of the monument by the construction of two shelters on its northern edge, this cairn survives reasonably well. It will contain further evidence of interments within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on a ridge at the northern end of The Tongue between the valleys of Trout Beck and Hagg Gill. It includes a mutilated oval mound of stones up to 0.5m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 10m. Close to the cairn's centre is an upright stone which is the eastern end of a stone-filled cist. A second large stone from the cist has been displaced and lies nearby on the surface of the cairn. Two shelters have been built on the northern edge of the mound using stones from the cairn and incorporating other large stones from the cist, including what appears to be a capstone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22548
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 1926, Cumbria SMR, Two Cairns on N. End of The Tongue, Troutbeck Park, (1985)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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