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Round cairn 320m north-north-west of Seal Howe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 320m north-north-west of Seal Howe

List entry Number: 1011617

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jan-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Sep-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22452

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite construction of a bield (animal shelter) and modern cairn on the monument's summit and limited antiquarian investigation, the round cairn 320m north-north-west of Seal Howe survives reasonably well. This investigation located human and faunal remains together with pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old land surface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located 320m north-north-west of Seal Howe on an escarpment of Carboniferous Limestone. It includes a slightly oval mound of limestone stones and earth up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 13m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre located the primary burial of an unburnt male on the old landsurface and, a short distance to the south, a secondary burial consisting of an urn containing the cremated remains of a woman and child. A few ox bones were also found.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 298
Other
SMR No.1579, Cumbria SMR, Cairn 250yds NW of Seal Howe, (1991)

National Grid Reference: NY 59540 12732

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011617 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 12:01:46.

End of official listing