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Atlow moated site, enclosures and causeway

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Atlow moated site, enclosures and causeway

List entry Number: 1011620

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Atlow

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Oct-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23297

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Atlow is a well preserved example of a small homestead moat where additional features survive outside the moat itself, demonstrating the diversity of this class of monument. The monument has suffered only minimal disturbance since it was abandoned and retains the buried remains of buildings and other features throughout. Well preserved organic and environmental remains will also survive in the waterlogged deposits of the moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated on the north west side of Henmore Brook and includes a moated site, two banked enclosures and a raised track or causeway which leads to the moat from the north west and separates the enclosures. The moated site comprises a roughly square platform measuring 36m by 38m surrounded by a 10m wide moat with a 1m high outer bank. A channel leads from the southern corner of the moat to the brook and would have acted as a drain for water soaking into the moat from the slope to the north west. It is unlikely that the moat was ever entirely waterfilled. On the north west side of the moat, there is a semi-circular indentation in the edge of the platform. This lies opposite the causeway and indicates the site of a bridge across the moat. In the middle of the moat there is a dressed gritstone block interpreted as part of a bridge support. The causeway is c.4m wide and extends northwards for c.80m. The enclosures, which are each c.80m square, are too overgrown for any features to be discerned, but they would have been the sites of ancillary buildings associated with the moated homestead. It is recorded that, in very dry weather, the outlines of buildings can also be seen on the moated platform. Documentary evidence indicates that the site was, at one time, the home of the Atlow family and passed by marriage to the Okeovers. Under the Okeovers it was held by the Parkers, a junior branch of the Atlow family. Excluded from the scheduling is a septic tank, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Derby: Volume I, (1905), 388
Jeayes, IH, Descriptive Catalogue of Derbyshire Charters, (1906), 149-55
Other
Craven, D. and Drage, C., Moated Sites List, 1982, SMR

National Grid Reference: SK 22688 48525

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011620 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 02:30:07.

End of official listing