Marmion Tower (former gatehouse of Tanfield Castle fortified manor)

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011669

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Apr-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Marmion Tower (former gatehouse of Tanfield Castle fortified manor)
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: West Tanfield

National Grid Reference: SE 26776 78718

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Fortified manors are the residences of the lesser nobility and the richer burgesses and date from the late twelfth century and throughout the rest of the Middle Ages. Generally they comprise a hall and residential wing, domestic ranges, and fortifications such as a moat or crenellated wall or both. A gatetower was a common feature of the better equipped and the gatehouse of Tanfield Castle fortified manor, known as Marmion Tower, is an important and impressive example, being largely intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Marmion Tower is situated in the village of West Tanfield, next to the parish church and on the north bank of the River Ure. The tower is the fifteenth century gatehouse of the now demolished Tanfield Castle. The monument, at this time, comprises the tower and the ground beneath it only, as the precise location of the castle, which was a fortified manor house of the Marmion family, has not yet been located. The tower is a three storey building, roughly square in plan, with a projection at the north-west corner containing a newel stair. The gateway is barrel vaulted and has a guardroom to the south. The stair leads to the rooms above and ends in a turret above the battlements of the gatehouse. The tower is a Grade I Listed Building and has been in State care since 1927. Excluded from the scheduling are all English Heritage fittings such as grilles and notices and the gates leading to the Old Rectory. The ground beneath these fittings is, however included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13274

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of North Riding of Yorkshire, (1914), 382-85

End of official listing