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Peel Moat

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Peel Moat

List entry Number: 1011674

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Stockport

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Feb-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Aug-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13521

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument survives well and remains unencumbered by modern development. Documentary evidence indicates a fortified tower occupied the site and further remains of structures visible on the island at the end of the 19th century will exist. Additionally the waterlogged moat will preserve organic material.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is the moated site of Peel Hall. The site includes a slightly raised island measuring some 26m by 24m that possesses low earthworks towards the northern end. Surrounding the island is a moat up to 2m deep and measuring 6-12m wide on three sides and 18m wide on the east side. The moat is waterlogged on all sides except the east where it has partially dried out. An outlet channel some 25m long issues from the moat's southwestern corner. Access to the island is by a low causeway at the island's southeast corner. An outer bank 4m wide and 0.2m high flanks the moat's northern arm. Local tradition has it that the site was sacked by Cromwell's troops during the Civil War. Documentary sources describe the monument as having a square fortified tower. Remains of stone and brick foundations on the island were in evidence during the late 19th century. The drains and inspection chamber in the SW corner of the monument are included in the scheduling as any works on them may cause archaeological disturbance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reid, D, Thoughts on Peel Moat A History of the Heatons2-5
Crofton, H T, 'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Trans Lancs and Chesh Antiq Soc, , Vol. 3, (1885), 192-4
Other
Capstick, B, AM 107 (1987),
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
SMR No. 64/1/0, Gt Manchester SMR, Peel Moat, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SJ 87482 92482

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011674 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:49:50.

End of official listing